Incel Timeline

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For about as long as there have been animals, there have been animals that were unable to reproduce, and were thus rendered incel. However, this incel timeline represents the most notable recorded events for each decade of human life.

Most historical events listed here prior to 1980 is simply literature mentioning involuntary celibacy. It wouldn’t be until the internet era that the term entered academia. The history of the incelosphere, or simply all communities and websites self-identfying as incel is much more short, and can be found at our Incelosphere Timeline.



Some notable pre-internet people who were arguably incelibates include Ludwig van Beethoven who suffered serial rejection at the hands of women, Emily Dickinson who suffered from agoraphobia, Joseph Merrick aka the Elephant Man who suffered from severe face and body deformities, artist Van Gogh who was perpetually rejected and eventually pursued a relationship with a hooker, Van Gogh’s famous painter manlet friend Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was severely mocked for being a manlet and eventually just chose to live in the brothel he frequented, Friedrich Nietzsche who was famously rebuffed by every woman he approached and was alleged to have died from syphilis contracted from a hooker,[1]G. H. Hardy a famous mathematician who couldn’t bear looking at himself in the mirror and never held steady relationships with women, bisexual actor Anthony Perkins who for most of his life had a pathological fear of women remaining a virgin (at least to women) at age 39, Ed Gein who Perkins had played in the movie Psycho was terrified of human contact and probably died a virgin, and English recording artist Nick Drake who suffered from extreme shyness of women[2] and in all likelihood died a virgin (according to most analyses). Famous folk-pop singer and pianist Daniel Johnston was also a well-known incelibate. He was diagnosed with severe schizophrenia, and his songs detail his life in and out of mental hospitals, and debilitating unrequited love for various women. He may be the only famous modern pop musician to be an incelibate.


1714 - A New Voyage to Italy. With Curious Observations on Several Other Countries
Uses the term “forced celibacy” to describe malecel, Italian hooligans causing crime. The term “forced celibacy” was used in a way nearly equivalent to the modern usage of the term “involuntary celibacy”. The work mentioned the relative freedoms English women had compared to Italian women at the time, who were described as being esconded away in their homes, to evade the depredations of “three quarters of the men living under the insupportable restraint of a forced celibacy, (who) would make a dreadful havoc of their neighbours property [...]”. It was written as a travelogue by Maximilien Misson.[3]
1739 - The Mythology and Fables of the Ancients, Explain'd from History, Volume 3
Reference femcels as “involuntarily celibate”. Is the first known instance of the term, 'involuntary celibacy', being used in print.
1780 - Russia, or, A compleat historical account of all nations which compose that empire
It makes explicit reference to polygyny among Uzbeks leading to widespread incel among men. Written by Johann Gottlieb Gorgi.
1791 - Aparato a la historia eclesiastica de Aragon
References “incel slaves”. Written in by the enlightenment era Spanish historian Joaquin Traggia.


1826 - The Doctrine and Law of Marriage, Adultery and Divorce
References incels. Written by Hector Davies Morgan, M.A,
1844 - Punch Vol VI
The reference to incel people was a satirical proposal to alleviate incel purportedly authored by a representative of the “Grand National Union Wife Agency and Assurance Company”. The work was an edition of a British satirical magazine.
1876 - Family Herald Magazine
References incels.
1892 - The Population Question According to T. R. Malthus and J. S. Mill
References incels. Written by Charles Robert Drysdale


1913 - Virginia
References incels. Written by Ellen Glasgow.
1916 - The Great Unmarried
References incels. Written by British Journalist Walter M. Gallichan
1933 - Down and Out in Paris and London 1960
References incels. Famous English novelist and non-fiction writer George Orwell briefly touched upon involuntarily celibate (without explicitly using the term) tramps in his book about the lives of the underclass,
1975 - Blueprint for a Higher Civilization
References incels. Written by Henry Flynt, and discusses his own involuntary celibacy as a young adult. Uses the term, “involuntary celibacy”, verbatim.
1986 - Law and Liberation
References incels. Written by Robert E. Rhodes
1987 - Criminal Tendencies
References incels. Written by William O’Rourke
1984 - Human Sexuality
the search for understanding: Written by David Knox
1990 - Understanding Sexuality
References incels. Written by Adelaide Haas and Kurt Haas
1994-1999 Michel Houellebecq novels
Michel wrote written about the topic vicariously through his many fictional works about involuntarily celibate and layless men.


1987 - Shyness & Love: Causes, Consequences, and Treatment
Professor of psychology Brian Gilmartin argues for incel to be treated as a medical condition and for society to take it more seriously. At that time, Gilmartin’s term for incel was, love-shyness but before his death he used the terms, “incel” and “love-shy” interchangeably as can be seen in a recovered clip from the abandoned The Incel Project documentary.[4]


1992 - Popular book castigates nice guys
The founder of the particular strain of seduction techniques that we know today as modern pick-up-artistry was Ross Jeffries. He published “How to Get the Women You Desire Into Bed” in 1992, which argued against nice guy behavior. The Usenet newsgroup was founded by Lewis De Payne, a student of Ross Jeffries in 1994. In the same year, Michel Houellebecq published his first novel, “Whatever”, which frankly discussed sexual stratification and pauperization. Also in 1994, the newsgroup was created.[5]
1992 - The Netherlands makes sex a human right
In 1992 the Netherland government decided to fully reimburse disabled citizens for legal visits to hookers.
199x - The first shyness (and seduction) Usenet groups
Although the term “incel” did exist in the late-90s, the most common term in the incelosphere used to refer to involuntarily celibate people in the 90’s was, “socially anxious men,” on the Usenet Group and “AFC” meaning “average frustrated chump” on the (ASF) Usenet newsgroup.
1997 - The first, self-identified, cybercelospherian community
The usenet group populates the first explicit incel community called: Alana’s Involuntary Celibacy Project (which was an email listserv). This listserv coined the neologisms “incel” and “INVCEL”. The goal of Alana’s project was to promote sympathetic and insightful academic research on incels. Alana’s mailing list was a feminist forum, and Alana had created the first incel forum as a lesbian with dating experience. Alana stopped maintaining the forum around 2003.
1998 - Shyness Usenet group populates the first cybercelospherian community
In 1998, members of were explicitly invited to Alana’s incel listserv to help it become more active and something of a community.[6]
1998 - First self-identified incel forum using conventional forum software forms
A year after Alana’s first incel forum, in 1998, the first online German incel person community, Parsimonyforum 3708 of the Absolute Beginners, was established using conventional forum software (instead of an email listserv, which is what Alana used).[7]
1999 - Pill Jargon enters mainstream lexicon
Laurence Fishburne whilst starring as Morpheus in the film The Matrix, narrates the line “You take the blue pill, the story ends here, you wake up and believe whatever you want to believe. You take the red pill ... and I'll show you just how deep the rabbit hole goes.” This quote subsequently becomes eulogized with “blue pill” and “red pill” eventually becoming eponyms for entire philosophies in the incelosphere as well as adjacent communities.


In 2000, Beate Küpper, wrote a psychology dissertation called, “Are singles different from the others?: a comparison of singles and couples”, exploring the causes of, “involuntary singles”, as opposed to, “voluntary singles”.[8] In 2002, she later publishes the book called, “Are singles different? A Comparison of Singles and Couples Series: Focal Points of Personality.”[9]

In 2000, a charity for disabledcels is launched called TLC Trust along with a website. The Yahoo support group groups/loveshy-drgilmartin was created in 2002. In 2003, started as an anonymous board before it switched to non-anonymous a couple years later. In 2004, the first-ever female-centric community of the incelosphere was created on Yahoo with groups/loveshy-women. The Japanese inspired image-board 4chan also started this year as an anonymous community. In 2004, Alana’s former community moved to a new forum called incelsite, and it was then rebranded to incelSupport in 2006 and hopped across at least three different domain names. In 2004, Tectum Verlag, a German scientific book publisher publishes Olaf Wickenhöfer’s study of, “involuntary single[s]”, called, “Unfreiwillig Single: Eine Studie zur Sozialisationsgeschichte und kulturellen Alltagspraxis”, citing Denise Donnelly, Brian Gilmartin, and Beate Küpper, as well as his own study.[10] In 2006, Arne Hoffmann publishes a book called, “Untouched”, or, “Unberührt”, chronicling the stories of 11 incels, as well as reviewing the available literature on the subject and publishing new essays on the subject of incel.[11] In 2006, the Japanese Marxist incelospherian group Kakuhido emerged, doing public protests of Christmas, Valentine’s Day, and White Day all that same year. In 2007, the first website of the French incelosphere is founded,, which is entirely in the French language.

2001 - First academic study explicitly covering incels
Alana got her wish and a sympathetic and insightful academic piece on incel people was published, specifically polling the members of her listserv. This research was published and is colloquially known as the Donnelly Study referring to its main sociologist Denise Donnelly. The terms “incel” and “involuntary celibate” subsequently became valid sociological terms.

In 2008, 4chan’s r9k board appeared, a hikikomori board that never self-identified as incel, but male hikikomoris are generally involuntarily celibate. Since 2008, r9k defined most of what media as of 2018 refers to as “incel subculture.” Also, in 2008, the first clip of the unreleased US incel documentary The Incel Project was uploaded to The developing documentary seemed to have stalled sometime between 2012 and 2014. In the same year, the vlogging community of the True Forced Loneliness “movement” started, a space adjacent to incel boards that initially consisted of three vloggers and a website complaining about dating from a societal perspective. In 2009, came under the adminship of an extremely anti-feminist admin for a couple years. This is the same year that the PSL boards started, a sequential group of raucous forums that happened to contain a lot of involuntary celibates. r/ugly is a semi-incelospherian subreddit that was created in March 2009. The website was also created in 2009. The same year, the website was created.


In 2011, the subreddit r/foreveralone was founded, which would go on to become one of the largest and most feminist spaces of the incelosphere. In 2013, incelSupport crashed, and all forum posts were lost in the process. In 2014, Robin Sprenger published academic literature on incel called, “Male Absolute Beginner: A Communication Science Approach to Explaining Partnerlessness”, which is self-explanatory. It was published by Springer VS.

In 2014 a reiteration of incelSupport was attempted as, but was quickly abandoned due to lack of interest. Wizchan began in 2014. Also in 2014, the PSL boards now all contained 'rate me' subforums, thus further ingraining blackpilled concepts such as lookism in the incelosphere. During 2014–2015, the incel presence on Reddit began, mostly through Caamib from, starting with the extremely anti-feminist subreddits: r/truecels and r/incels. While r/incels technically started before r/truecels, r/incels was dormant until it was used as a ban evasion of r/truecels. The emergence of incelphobic forums like inceltears and leftbook tag groups began the start of the Battle of Incelistan. In 2017 the Facebook group incelistan began but not as a response to the similarly titled Battle of Incelistan, but more as a response to incelphobic leftbook tag groups. Almost all the members of Incelistan came from the Facebook group Ancapistan and not any subreddit or established incel forum. In November 2017 r/incels and r/truecels were banned, with some in those subreddits moving to the new sites and

In 2015, members of organize incelcon 2015.

In 2017, the Netherland government got rid of its 25-year policy that made sex a human right in the Netherlands, no longer providing reimbursements to disabled people seeking legal hookers.

In November 2017, reddit shut down the subreddit /r/incels, and a user from it, SergeantIncel, created the forum which is currently known as was shut down in 2018, due to efforts by Babe Magazine. In early 2018, Alana decided to rebrand her abandoned research project to “Love not Anger,” while claiming that the term “incel” has acquired negative connotations. Although the website is no longer operational, there nevertheless are many sporadic blogs and vlogs wherein content creators self-identify as TFLers.

In mid-2018, Incel Wiki starts as In 2018, Braincels was quarantined from Reddit on the basis of misogyny.

In early 2019, was created as a response to technical downtime for Facebook’s Incelistan. moves to incels dot wiki.

In 2019, the largest incelphobic group: Found the Incel, was banned from the internet by Facebook for violent speech after an outing of sample posts on YouTube by William and courageous flagging by Master and others.[12][13][14][15][16]

In 2019, some incel vloggers and members meet-up for incelcon 2019

That year, the Washington Post and other outlets released articles detailing how rates of celibacy among men between ages 18–30 was approaching 30% per year (an all-time high), validating the intuition of many incel forums, and ending some of the gaslighting directed at incels.[17] This became one of the largest topics of discussion across the entire incelosphere.

In mid-2019 took down their FAQ page on incel people in a distancing attempt while also allowing their most extreme incel people to stay on the site. Also, the same year a podcast devoted to incel topics by a non-incel was started called The Incel Project (Podcast), which has absolutely no association with the previous The Incel Project (Documentary).

In September 2019, incelmatics was launched. It is notable for being the first YouTube channel run by an incel person community instead of an individual. Their community being a few dozen people on Discord. The leader, jet112 a graphic designer, started putting a lot of effort into creating or commissioning documentaries, art pieces, and the first large, incel-run podcast.

On September 31, 2019, Reddit’s “Braincels”, one of the most popular and well-known incel forums was banned due to new rules being made by Reddit on the spot. Braincels was given no notice. Users moved to,, incelswithouthate,,, or simply stopped using incel forums. Smaller forums went into high gear to attract Braincels users, however no mass exodus happened, leaving some wondering how many real users were on Braincels in the first place.


In March 2020 changed URL to as an homage to the defunct 2014 forum, the last site from the first incel community on the net.

In April 2020, inceltears shut down with the message, “That’s all folks, we're done”, after a mod removed the rest of the mods then deleted their account.

Also in April 2020, incels dot wiki splits into four different wikis, some larger, some smaller, over an admin tussle and disputes about a blackpiller editor. Not long afterward, Reddit bans all blackpill subreddits, including r/shortcells, blackpillfeminism, and many more, leaving incelswithouthate as the only sanctioned incel board left on Reddit.

In January 2021, people tangential to incelmatics organized and met-up for incelcon 2021.

On March 11, 2021 incelswithouthate was banned from Reddit. About a month afterward, and were suspended from their domain extensions.




See also[edit]

This page contains text from an editor (Altmark) who released his text under CC-BY-4.0. If using the material under this license, you may credit it as: Altmark, William et al, unless stated to credit otherwise. Most other pages on this wiki we declare as unlicensed to re-use outside of here unless expressely stated by email and under the conditions listed in the email.