Female preference for masculinity in men

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Masculine-vs-feminine-face.jpg

This page summarizes the science behind female preference for masculinity in men.

If the studies are correct, women in unhealthy societies who are low in stress, who are repeatedly told that masculinity is attractive, who are reproductive aged, who aren't exposed to gendered aggression against women, and who are not taking birth control may have the most instances of preference for masculine men.

Masculinity as an objective, physical trait is often defined as lots of muscle, a V-shaped or large bodily frame, deep voice, and/or large/defined facial features. Masculinity as an objective personality is often measured by academia through the smell of socially dominant men.

Pathogens and parasites may cause young women to prefer masculine faces[edit]

Women in societies with high amounts of pathogens and parasites prefer masculine faces moreso than women in more healthy environments.[1] For example, Jamaican women prefer masculine faces moreso than British women.[2] In fact, the more unhealthy a society, the more women prefer facial masculinity in men.[3] Across thirty countries, as health increased, female preference for masculine faces decreased.[4]

One follow up study to this finding could only replicate this finding among young women.[5]

This may explain why the gigachad meme originated from a backwards, third-world hellhole, aka Russia.

Masculinity seems subjective in relationships[edit]

Once in a relationship, a woman's perception of her partner's masculinity becomes less dependent on objective measurements of masculinity, and more on subjective perception. Meaning you can possibly brainwash a female partner into believing you are feminine or masculine. This was found in a study by Robert P. Burrissa, Lisa L.M. Wellingb, and David A. Puts in 2011.[6]

Women, on average, don't seem to show a preference for facial masculinity[edit]

A study by David Waynforth Sonia Delwadia, and Miriam Camm found that women chosen at random didn't show a preferences for facial masculinity when rating subjects. However, the minority of women looking for short-term sexual laisons did show a preference for facial masculinity.[7]

Reproductive age women prefer relatively masculine faces[edit]

A study for the Psychoneuroendocrinology journal found female preferences for relatively masculine faces among men was highest during a woman's "prime" reproductive years, i.e. when not particularly young or old.[8]

Idealization may influence everyday masculinity preference[edit]

Additionally, having a more masculine partner or ideal partner may make a woman more attracted to masculine men.[9] This suggests changing who women mate with, or societally changing what is considered as 'ideal' could influence how women sexually evaluate the masculinity of everyday men.

No correlation between testosterone levels and preference for masculine men[edit]

This means if a trans man hasn't gone on T yet, it won't effect their preference for twinks or cutecels.

In one study, women high in testosterone seem to prefer more masculine faces, (but this phenomenon is absent in women taking birth control).[10]

Another study looked into this more deeply and could not replicate the link between testosterone and masculinity preference. In it, neither basal testosterone levels nor testosterone shifts in ovulation were correlated with preferring masculine men. In fact, testosterone levels were unimportant for female masculinity preferences in general.[11]

General female sexual desire, rather than masculinity preference may be higher in women with high testosterone. However, testosterone doesn't necessarily increase female preference for uncommitted relationship.[12]

Stress relief may promote facial masculinity preference among women[edit]

A study by Beate Ditzen, Simona Palm-Fischbacher, Lara Gossweiler, Livia Stucky, and Ulrike Ehlert found women who are less stressed show a decrease in facial masculinity preference.[13]

Birth control pills may dramatically suppress desire for masculine faces[edit]

A woman taking birth control seems to make her more receptive to feminine faces.

Oral contraception use dramatically decreases female preference for masculine faces according to a study by Anthony C.Little, Robert P. Burriss, Marion Petrie, Benedict C. Jones, and S. Craig Roberts.[14]

Women may prefer masculine men for short-term partnerships, and less so for long-term partnerships.[15] Women seem to prefer masculine men (across a wide variety of masculine traits) when they are going through the fertile phase of their ovulatory cycle.[16]

See also[edit]

References